What is “hypoparathyroidism”?
What are the causes?
Postsurgery: Since parathyroid glands are very tiny (difficult to identify) and situated just behind the thyroid gland they are prone for injury/removal during thyroid surgery.
Post hyperparathyroidism surgery
Autoimmune destruction: Usually seen in children/young adults
Very rarely, hypoparathyroidism can be a side effect of radioactive iodine treatment for hyperthyroidism.
Low blood magnesium levels
DiGeorge syndrome: A childhood disease in which hypoparathyroidism occurs because all the parathyroid glands are missing at birth.
What are the symptoms?
- Muscle cramps
- Muscle spasms called tetany (can affect the larynx, causing breathing difficulties)
- Pain in the face, legs, and feet
- Tingling lips, fingers, and toes
- Abdominal pain
- Brittle nails
- Dry hair; dry, scaly skin
- Weakened tooth enamel (in children)
Additional symptoms may include:
- Decreased consciousness
- Delayed or absent tooth formation
- Hand or foot spasms
What are the tests to be done?
What is the treatment?