What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is brittle bones due to low bone density and impaired architecture.
What are the causes?
Post menopausal: Most common (Due to excessive resorption in old age aggravated by loss of hormonal support)
Secondary causes like various hormonal disorders (hyperparathyroidism,Cushingssyndrome, thyrotoxicosis), blood related (leukemia,lymphoma, myeloma) and joints related (Rheumatoid arthritis etc)
Long term steroid use.
What are the tests to be done?
BMD (Bone Mineral Density):
Bone x-rays :
What is the treatment?
Treatment involves oral vitamin D and calcium supplements.
What is the prognosis?
How to prevent?
When to Contact an Endocrinologist?
If you have backache or develop fractures with minor or no trauma.